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VENTRICULAR SEPTAL PLANES: THREE OF THE FOUR TYPES  <span class="search-highlight">Vertical</span> septum, in a n...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR SEPTAL PLANES: THREE OF THE FOUR TYPES Figure 34-10 VENTRICULAR SEPTAL PLANES: THREE OF THE FOUR TYPES Vertical septum, in a normal heart (A); angled septum, in aortic atresia (B); angled septum, in double inlet left ventricle (C); and horizontal ventricular septum, in superoinferior ... More about this image found in VENTRICULAR SEPTAL PLANES: THREE OF THE FOUR TYPES Vertical septum, in a n...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 19
Published: 01 February 2024
10.55418/9781933477428-23
ISBN-10: 1-933477-42-3
ISBN: 978-1-933477-42-8
... ). Histopathologic Parameters Tumor Thickness. Tumor thickness, as measured vertically from the top of the epidermal granular cell layer to the deepest invasive melanoma cell ( fig. 23-1 ), is for most primary melanomas of the skin the most important histopathologic parameter for prognosis ( 2 ). It is the key...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 19
Published: 01 February 2024
10.55418/9781933477428-06
ISBN-10: 1-933477-42-3
ISBN: 978-1-933477-42-8
... fibrosis parallel to the epidermis, with often prominent fibroblasts and vertically oriented vessels. The epidermis may show attenuation of rete ridges, acanthosis, and hyperkeratosis ( 6 ). By contrast, regressing melanoma typically shows epidermal thinning ( 6 ). Below the scar, a nevus remnant may...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 19
Published: 01 February 2024
10.55418/9781933477428-05
ISBN-10: 1-933477-42-3
ISBN: 978-1-933477-42-8
... pattern. Combinations of patterns may be seen within a single lesion. The parallel furrow correlates microscopically with nests of melanocytes under the surface sulci, with vertically oriented melanin pigment in the stratum corneum. In the lattice-like pattern, nests of melanocytes underlie the surface...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 19
Published: 01 February 2024
10.55418/9781933477428-02
ISBN-10: 1-933477-42-3
ISBN: 978-1-933477-42-8
... and vertical dimensions ( figs. 2-3 – 2-5 ). Characteristic histopathologic findings include: 1) a broad plaque-like pattern occupying the entire dermis; 2) extension deep into the reticular dermis or subcutis, and occasionally to the underlying fascia or muscle; 3) perivascular, periadnexal, and perineural...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 19
Published: 01 February 2024
10.55418/9781933477428-13
ISBN-10: 1-933477-42-3
ISBN: 978-1-933477-42-8
... , Nehal   KS . Staged excision for lentigo maligna and lentigo maligna melanoma: a retrospective analysis of 117 cases . J Am Acad Dermatol   2008 ; 58 : 142 - 8 . 27. Iorizzo   LJ   3rd , Chocron   I , Lumbang   W , Stasko   T . Importance of vertical pathology of debulking...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 19
Published: 01 February 2024
10.55418/9781933477428-07
ISBN-10: 1-933477-42-3
ISBN: 978-1-933477-42-8
... and often also vertical dimensions ( fig. 7-22 , 7-23 ) ( 34 , 35 ). They are more likely to extend to the deep dermis and subcutis. They deviate in a number of ways from a prototypical Spitz nevus. They are less symmetric and less circumscribed. There is more architectural disorder, such as complex growth...
Images
PARTIAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION  Left, right: Both upper pulm...
Published: 15 November 2023
PARTIAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION Figure 39-20 PARTIAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION Left, right: Both upper pulmonary veins join together and then connect to the left brachiocephalic vein via a vertical vein (*), in an infant. The vertical vein is obstructed extrinsically as ... More about this image found in PARTIAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION Left, right: Both upper pulm...
Images
ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PARTIAL AND COMPLETE TYPES  A,B: Par...
Published: 15 November 2023
ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PARTIAL AND COMPLETE TYPES Figure 39-18 ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PARTIAL AND COMPLETE TYPES A,B: Partial anomalous connection, including a sinus venosus defect with anomalous connection of right-sided pulmonary veins (A) and the scimitar syndro... More about this image found in ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PARTIAL AND COMPLETE TYPES A,B: Par...
Images
ORIENTATION FOR PHOTOMICROSCOPY  Photomicrographs oriented from left to rig...
Published: 15 November 2023
ORIENTATION FOR PHOTOMICROSCOPY Figure 3-19 ORIENTATION FOR PHOTOMICROSCOPY Photomicrographs oriented from left to right (horizontally) (left) tend to be more visually pleasing than those oriented up and down (vertically) (right). More about this image found in ORIENTATION FOR PHOTOMICROSCOPY Photomicrographs oriented from left to rig...
Images
TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: TO LEFT BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN  ...
Published: 15 November 2023
TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: TO LEFT BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN Figure 39-22 TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: TO LEFT BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN The pulmonary venous confluence connects via an upwardly directed and unobstructed vertical vein, in an infant. (Anterior view, with hea... More about this image found in TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: TO LEFT BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN ...
Images
DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE: ANGLED VENTRICULAR SEPTUM  For orientation, th...
Published: 15 November 2023
DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE: ANGLED VENTRICULAR SEPTUM Figure 38-30 DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE: ANGLED VENTRICULAR SEPTUM For orientation, the atrial septum would occupy a vertical plane between the two atrioventricular valves. The ventricular septal defect (*) is unobstructed, in a young adult ... More about this image found in DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE: ANGLED VENTRICULAR SEPTUM For orientation, th...
Images
TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM  Left, rig...
Published: 15 November 2023
TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM Figure 39-23 TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM Left, right: The downwardly directed vertical vein connects the pulmonary venous confluence to the ductal vein (ductus venosus) and to the left gastric ve... More about this image found in TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM Left, rig...
Images
TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM  Left, rig...
Published: 15 November 2023
TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM Figure 39-24 TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM Left, right: The vertical vein arises from the left-sided right lower pulmonary vein near the pulmonary venous confluence, in a newborn with heterotaxy, a... More about this image found in TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: BELOW THE DIAPHRAGM Left, rig...
Images
PARIETAL PERICARDIUM  Left: Anterior view, after removal of chest plate at ...
Published: 15 November 2023
PARIETAL PERICARDIUM Figure 1-2 PARIETAL PERICARDIUM Left: Anterior view, after removal of chest plate at autopsy. Fat pads commonly develop along the outer surface of the parietal pericardium in the anterior mediastinum near the diaphragm and contribute to the cardiac silhouette radiographically... More about this image found in PARIETAL PERICARDIUM Left: Anterior view, after removal of chest plate at ...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch39
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
....) TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: TO LEFT BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN Figure 39-22 TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: TO LEFT BRACHIOCEPHALIC VEIN The pulmonary venous confluence connects via an upwardly directed and unobstructed vertical vein, in an infant. (Anterior view, with heart...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch03
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... (vertically) (right). REFERENCES REFERENCES 1. Seidman   MA . Consensus documents—past, present, and future . Cardiovasc Pathol   2018 ; 36 : 42 - 3 . 2. Edwards   WD , Miller   DV . Cardiovascular system . In: Waters   BL , Ludwig   J , eds. Handbook of autopsy practice...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch34
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... fetus. With the pericardium removed (D), a deep myocardial indentation (arrow) has compressed the coronary artery, with death due to an apical myocardial infarction. VENTRICULAR SEPTAL PLANES: THREE OF THE FOUR TYPES Figure 34-10 VENTRICULAR SEPTAL PLANES: THREE OF THE FOUR TYPES Vertical septum...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch38
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... For orientation, the atrial septum would occupy a vertical plane between the two atrioventricular valves. The ventricular septal defect (*) is unobstructed, in a young adult (same as fig. 34-10C ). DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE: RESTRICTIVE VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT Figure 38-31 DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch01
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... radiographically. Whitish, almost vertical, midline fibrous tissue (yellow arrows) attaches to the undersurface of the sternum in the anterior mediastinum. Right: Anterior view, with anterior portion of parietal pericardium removed. Parietal pericardium (yellow arrows) encases the heart. A pericardial reflection...