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<span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> MARGINS  The two sides of the right <span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span> free wall form ...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR MARGINS Figure 1-15 VENTRICULAR MARGINS The two sides of the right ventricular free wall form an acute angle that represents a well-defined acute margin (yellow arrow). Opposite this, however, the left ventricular free wall is rounded, such that tangential lines form an obtuse angle, ... More about this image found in VENTRICULAR MARGINS The two sides of the right ventricular free wall form ...
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<span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> SEPTAL RUPTURE  A large, transmural, apical and mid-<span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span>...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR SEPTAL RUPTURE Figure 8-8 VENTRICULAR SEPTAL RUPTURE A large, transmural, apical and mid-ventricular infarction with an associated septal rupture (yellow arrows) causes an acquired ventricular septal defect. More about this image found in VENTRICULAR SEPTAL RUPTURE A large, transmural, apical and mid-ventricular...
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<span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> SEPTAL RUPTURE: TYPES  A simple <span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span> septal rupture (lef...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR SEPTAL RUPTURE: TYPES Figure 8-9 VENTRICULAR SEPTAL RUPTURE: TYPES A simple ventricular septal rupture (left; yellow arrows) is linear (through-and-through) while a complex ventricular septal rupture (right; yellow arrow) is serpiginous, meandering through the wall of the septum, freq... More about this image found in VENTRICULAR SEPTAL RUPTURE: TYPES A simple ventricular septal rupture (lef...
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LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> TRUE ANEURYSM  Left: The left <span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span> contour (yellow ...
Published: 15 November 2023
LEFT VENTRICULAR TRUE ANEURYSM Figure 8-15 LEFT VENTRICULAR TRUE ANEURYSM Left: The left ventricular contour (yellow arrow) bulges beyond its expected lateral border. Right: The true aneurysm has a wide neck (yellow arrows) in which the uninvolved myocardium tapers to join the infarcted (expande... More about this image found in LEFT VENTRICULAR TRUE ANEURYSM Left: The left ventricular contour (yellow ...
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PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: RIGHT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> HYPERTROPHY  This mid-<span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span>...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY Figure 20-9 PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY This mid-ventricular short-axis section exhibits some right ventricular chamber dilatation with prominent wall thickening. The right ventricle is nearly as thick as the left ven... More about this image found in PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY This mid-ventricular...
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LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> DIVISIONS  The base-apex length is di vided into thirds. T...
Published: 15 November 2023
LEFT VENTRICULAR DIVISIONS Figure 1-6 LEFT VENTRICULAR DIVISIONS The base-apex length is di vided into thirds. The basal third cor responds to mitral leaflets and their tendinous cords, and the middle third contains the mitral papillary muscles. The apical third has no mitral components. More about this image found in LEFT VENTRICULAR DIVISIONS The base-apex length is di vided into thirds. T...
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16 LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> SEGMENTS  There are six segments at the basal level, si...
Published: 15 November 2023
16 LEFT VENTRICULAR SEGMENTS Figure 1-17 16 LEFT VENTRICULAR SEGMENTS There are six segments at the basal level, six at the mid-ventricular level, and four at the apical level. Sometimes the tip of the apex is labeled as segment 17. Their use facilitates documentation of the location and size of ... More about this image found in 16 LEFT VENTRICULAR SEGMENTS There are six segments at the basal level, si...
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MEMBRANOUS SEPTUM  A: Right <span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span> free wall opened downward, in fresh...
Published: 15 November 2023
MEMBRANOUS SEPTUM Figure 1-19 MEMBRANOUS SEPTUM A: Right ventricular free wall opened downward, in fresh heart. Location at septal-anterior tricuspid valve commissure. The interventricular component is transilluminated (arrow). B: Opened left ventricle and aorta, in fresh heart. Location beneath... More about this image found in MEMBRANOUS SEPTUM A: Right ventricular free wall opened downward, in fresh...
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AORTIC VALVE: THICKENING AND FENESTRATIONS  Opened left <span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span> outflow...
Published: 15 November 2023
AORTIC VALVE: THICKENING AND FENESTRATIONS Figure 1-23 AORTIC VALVE: THICKENING AND FENESTRATIONS Opened left ventricular outflow tract, close-up. Left: Ventricular aspect of posterior aortic valve cusp, showing the free edge (arrows), closing edge (short arrows), and lunulas. Age-related thicke... More about this image found in AORTIC VALVE: THICKENING AND FENESTRATIONS Opened left ventricular outflow...
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AORTIC VALVE: LAMBL EXCRESCENCES  Left: Opened left <span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span> outflow tra...
Published: 15 November 2023
AORTIC VALVE: LAMBL EXCRESCENCES Figure 1-24 AORTIC VALVE: LAMBL EXCRESCENCES Left: Opened left ventricular outflow tract. Origin at nodules of Arantius (arrows). Right: Tissue of surgically resected excrescences, showing typical size. More about this image found in AORTIC VALVE: LAMBL EXCRESCENCES Left: Opened left ventricular outflow tra...
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LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> LONG-AXIS DISSECTION TECHNIQUE  Left: The plane of section...
Published: 15 November 2023
LEFT VENTRICULAR LONG-AXIS DISSECTION TECHNIQUE Figure 2-10 LEFT VENTRICULAR LONG-AXIS DISSECTION TECHNIQUE Left: The plane of section begins at the apex and extends basally along the right anterolateral aspect of the ascending aorta and inferolateral wall of the left ventricle. Before, three pin... More about this image found in LEFT VENTRICULAR LONG-AXIS DISSECTION TECHNIQUE Left: The plane of section...
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EVALUATION OF <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> SIZE  Left: For wall thickness, measure compact m...
Published: 15 November 2023
EVALUATION OF VENTRICULAR SIZE Figure 2-19 EVALUATION OF VENTRICULAR SIZE Left: For wall thickness, measure compact myocardium excluding trabeculations. For the left ventricular free wall and ventricular septum, take the average of three measurements for each (double-headed arrows). For the right... More about this image found in EVALUATION OF VENTRICULAR SIZE Left: For wall thickness, measure compact m...
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TEACHING MODELS  Left: Postinfarction left <span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span> apical true aneurysm...
Published: 15 November 2023
TEACHING MODELS Figure 2-27 TEACHING MODELS Left: Postinfarction left ventricular apical true aneurysm with prominent mural thrombus. Specimen in special fixative within a plexiglass box, held with fishing line to a plexiglass insert plate; the box was assembled using acrylic cement. Right: Same... More about this image found in TEACHING MODELS Left: Postinfarction left ventricular apical true aneurysm...
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MYOCARDIAL COMPONENTS  Left <span class="search-highlight">ventricular</span> cardiomyocytes are considerably lar...
Published: 15 November 2023
MYOCARDIAL COMPONENTS Figure 4-6 MYOCARDIAL COMPONENTS Left ventricular cardiomyocytes are considerably larger than interstitial cells, but interstitial cells appreciably outnumber the myocytes, as seen in this case with early fibrosis. Also, note the typical variation in nuclear size in adjacent... More about this image found in MYOCARDIAL COMPONENTS Left ventricular cardiomyocytes are considerably lar...
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RIGHT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> HYPERTROPHY  Left: Longitudinal section of hypertrophied ...
Published: 15 November 2023
RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY Figure 4-10 RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY Left: Longitudinal section of hypertrophied myocytes, with mild interstitial fibrosis. Right: Cross section of hypertrophied myocytes. Bands of sarcomeres in front of nuclei in the longitudinal section (seen left) account fo... More about this image found in RIGHT VENTRICULAR HYPERTROPHY Left: Longitudinal section of hypertrophied ...
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<span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> FREE WALL RUPTURE: HEMOPERICARDIUM  Left: Removal of the chest ...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: HEMOPERICARDIUM Figure 8-1 VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: HEMOPERICARDIUM Left: Removal of the chest plate reveals a dark blue pericardial sac, indicating hemopericardium. Right: Hemopericardium is confirmed upon removal of the anterior parietal pericardium, with c... More about this image found in VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: HEMOPERICARDIUM Left: Removal of the chest ...
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<span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> FREE WALL RUPTURE: LATERAL LEFT VENTRICLE  A transmural tear (y...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LATERAL LEFT VENTRICLE Figure 8-2 VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LATERAL LEFT VENTRICLE A transmural tear (yellow arrow) of the lateral left ventricle is seen. More about this image found in VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LATERAL LEFT VENTRICLE A transmural tear (y...
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<span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> FREE WALL RUPTURE: INFERIOR LEFT VENTRICLE  Prominent hemorrhag...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: INFERIOR LEFT VENTRICLE Figure 8-3 VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: INFERIOR LEFT VENTRICLE Prominent hemorrhage within the epicardial fat (yellow arrow) obscures the tear on gross inspection. More about this image found in VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: INFERIOR LEFT VENTRICLE Prominent hemorrhag...
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<span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> FREE WALL RUPTURE: CARDIAC TAMPONADE  Hemopericardium (yellow a...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: CARDIAC TAMPONADE Figure 8-4 VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: CARDIAC TAMPONADE Hemopericardium (yellow asterisk) is seen compressing the left ventricle (LV), causing diastolic compromise. More about this image found in VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: CARDIAC TAMPONADE Hemopericardium (yellow a...
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<span class="search-highlight">VENTRICULAR</span> FREE WALL RUPTURE: LINEAR RUPTURE  A simple linear tear (yellow...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LINEAR RUPTURE Figure 8-5 VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LINEAR RUPTURE A simple linear tear (yellow arrow) of the inferior left ventricle (LV) is seen, with fibrin along the rupture tract. More about this image found in VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LINEAR RUPTURE A simple linear tear (yellow...