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Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch38
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
...Table 38-1 SEVEN POSSIBLE TYPES OF HYPOPLASTIC VENTRICLE AND THEIR COMPONENTS Number of Components Components Present Three Inlet + Trabecular + Outlet Two Inlet + Trabecular Two Trabecular + Outlet Two Inlet + Outlet One Inlet Only One Trabecular Only One...
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DOUBLE INLET LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>: HYPOPLASTIC RIGHT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>  The severely hypo...
Published: 15 November 2023
DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE: HYPOPLASTIC RIGHT VENTRICLE Figure 38-32 DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE: HYPOPLASTIC RIGHT VENTRICLE The severely hypoplastic right anterior chamber consists primarily of only the outlet portion, in a child (same specimen as in fig. 38-27B ). More about this image found in DOUBLE INLET LEFT VENTRICLE: HYPOPLASTIC RIGHT VENTRICLE The severely hypo...
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COMMON INLET RIGHT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>: BIVENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION  The right <span class="search-highlight">ventricl</span>...
Published: 15 November 2023
COMMON INLET RIGHT VENTRICLE: BIVENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION Figure 38-49 COMMON INLET RIGHT VENTRICLE: BIVENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION The right ventricle is dilated, with leftward bowing of the septum, producing an elliptical-shaped dominant right ventricle and a crescent-shaped hypoplastic left ventricle... More about this image found in COMMON INLET RIGHT VENTRICLE: BIVENTRICULAR DYSFUNCTION The right ventricl...
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RIGHT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>: INTERIOR STRUCTURES  A: Anterior view of the heart with th...
Published: 15 November 2023
RIGHT VENTRICLE: INTERIOR STRUCTURES Figure 1-16 RIGHT VENTRICLE: INTERIOR STRUCTURES A: Anterior view of the heart with the right ventricular free wall removed. The inlet region contains the tricuspid valve, including its cordal and papillary muscle insertions. A prominent meshwork of myocardium... More about this image found in RIGHT VENTRICLE: INTERIOR STRUCTURES A: Anterior view of the heart with th...
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LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>: SHAPE  A strawberry, shown whole (left) and bisected (right...
Published: 15 November 2023
LEFT VENTRICLE: SHAPE Figure 1-18 LEFT VENTRICLE: SHAPE A strawberry, shown whole (left) and bisected (right), has a complex three-dimensional shape that approximates that of the left ventricle. The mathematical formula for a truncated ellipsoid, which is used clinically to calculate left ventric... More about this image found in LEFT VENTRICLE: SHAPE A strawberry, shown whole (left) and bisected (right...
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LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>: INTERIOR STRUCTURES  The inlet region is defined by the mit...
Published: 15 November 2023
LEFT VENTRICLE: INTERIOR STRUCTURES Figure 1-20 LEFT VENTRICLE: INTERIOR STRUCTURES The inlet region is defined by the mitral valve and its papillary muscle insertions. The apical region is characterized by relatively shallow trabeculations. The outlet region, which represents the left ventricula... More about this image found in LEFT VENTRICLE: INTERIOR STRUCTURES The inlet region is defined by the mit...
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LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>: ADDITIONAL STRUCTURES  A: Close-up of short-axis view. Trab...
Published: 15 November 2023
LEFT VENTRICLE: ADDITIONAL STRUCTURES Figure 1-21 LEFT VENTRICLE: ADDITIONAL STRUCTURES A: Close-up of short-axis view. Trabeculated (double-headed arrow) and compact myocardium. Compare with right ventricle ( fig. 1-16 ). B: Inflow-outflow view. Prominent anterolateral trabeculation (yellow arr... More about this image found in LEFT VENTRICLE: ADDITIONAL STRUCTURES A: Close-up of short-axis view. Trab...
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PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>  Left: Pressure hypertrophy...
Published: 15 November 2023
PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: LEFT VENTRICLE Figure 4-4 PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: LEFT VENTRICLE Left: Pressure hypertrophy, with increased wall thickness and normal internal diameter in chronic hypertension. Right: Volume hypertrophy, with normal wall thickness and increased internal ... More about this image found in PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: LEFT VENTRICLE Left: Pressure hypertrophy...
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PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: RIGHT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>  Left: Pressure hypertroph...
Published: 15 November 2023
PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: RIGHT VENTRICLE Figure 4-9 PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: RIGHT VENTRICLE Left: Pressure hypertrophy without right ventricular dilatation in pulmonary valve stenosis. Right: Volume hypertrophy in pulmonary hypertension with tricuspid regurgitation. More about this image found in PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: RIGHT VENTRICLE Left: Pressure hypertroph...
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VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LATERAL LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>  A transmural tear (y...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LATERAL LEFT VENTRICLE Figure 8-2 VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LATERAL LEFT VENTRICLE A transmural tear (yellow arrow) of the lateral left ventricle is seen. More about this image found in VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: LATERAL LEFT VENTRICLE A transmural tear (y...
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VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: INFERIOR LEFT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>  Prominent hemorrhag...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: INFERIOR LEFT VENTRICLE Figure 8-3 VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: INFERIOR LEFT VENTRICLE Prominent hemorrhage within the epicardial fat (yellow arrow) obscures the tear on gross inspection. More about this image found in VENTRICULAR FREE WALL RUPTURE: INFERIOR LEFT VENTRICLE Prominent hemorrhag...
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ARRHYTHMOGENIC CARDIOMYOPATHY  In short-axis view, the right <span class="search-highlight">ventricle</span> is m...
Published: 15 November 2023
ARRHYTHMOGENIC CARDIOMYOPATHY Figure 17-3 ARRHYTHMOGENIC CARDIOMYOPATHY In short-axis view, the right ventricle is markedly dilated, with extensive fatty replacement of the wall and focal aneurysm (yellow arrow) formation. More about this image found in ARRHYTHMOGENIC CARDIOMYOPATHY In short-axis view, the right ventricle is m...
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MYOCARDIAL PERFORATION: LEFT VENTRICULAR FREE WALL  The left <span class="search-highlight">ventricle</span> was ...
Published: 15 November 2023
MYOCARDIAL PERFORATION: LEFT VENTRICULAR FREE WALL Figure 23-3 MYOCARDIAL PERFORATION: LEFT VENTRICULAR FREE WALL The left ventricle was perforated (yellow arrow) in this case of a balloon valvuloplasty. More about this image found in MYOCARDIAL PERFORATION: LEFT VENTRICULAR FREE WALL The left ventricle was ...
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EISENMENGER SYNDROME  The right <span class="search-highlight">ventricle</span> is markedly hypertrophied, and th...
Published: 15 November 2023
EISENMENGER SYNDROME Figure 34-34 EISENMENGER SYNDROME The right ventricle is markedly hypertrophied, and the septum is straightened, in a middle-aged adult with a large, unoperated, muscular ventricular septal defect (yellow arrows). More about this image found in EISENMENGER SYNDROME The right ventricle is markedly hypertrophied, and th...
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CONGENITAL AORTIC STENOSIS  Secondary effects on the left <span class="search-highlight">ventricle</span> include...
Published: 15 November 2023
CONGENITAL AORTIC STENOSIS Figure 36-16 CONGENITAL AORTIC STENOSIS Secondary effects on the left ventricle include: concentric hypertrophy, in a child (A), hypertrophied myocytes with prominent lipofuscin pigment, in an older adult (B), focal myocyte disarray, in an adult (C) (this should not be ... More about this image found in CONGENITAL AORTIC STENOSIS Secondary effects on the left ventricle include...
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CONGENITAL SUBAORTIC STENOSIS  Secondary effects on the left <span class="search-highlight">ventricle</span> incl...
Published: 15 November 2023
CONGENITAL SUBAORTIC STENOSIS Figure 36-20 CONGENITAL SUBAORTIC STENOSIS Secondary effects on the left ventricle include concentric hypertrophy, with 539-g heart, and acute ischemic injury in both mitral papillary muscles (arrows), in an adult (A), marked myocyte hypertrophy (same patient as A) (... More about this image found in CONGENITAL SUBAORTIC STENOSIS Secondary effects on the left ventricle incl...
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SUPRAVALVULAR PULMONARY STENOSIS  Secondary effects in the right <span class="search-highlight">ventricle</span> ...
Published: 15 November 2023
SUPRAVALVULAR PULMONARY STENOSIS Figure 36-37 SUPRAVALVULAR PULMONARY STENOSIS Secondary effects in the right ventricle include marked myocyte hypertrophy, in a child with coexistent supravalvular aortic stenosis. More about this image found in SUPRAVALVULAR PULMONARY STENOSIS Secondary effects in the right ventricle ...
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COARCTATION OF THE AORTA  Secondary effects in the left <span class="search-highlight">ventricle</span> include m...
Published: 15 November 2023
COARCTATION OF THE AORTA Figure 36-39 COARCTATION OF THE AORTA Secondary effects in the left ventricle include myocyte hypertrophy (left) and replacement-type interstitial fibrosis (right), in an adolescent with hypertension and an 800-g heart. More about this image found in COARCTATION OF THE AORTA Secondary effects in the left ventricle include m...
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DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>  Variable positions of the ventricular septal...
Published: 15 November 2023
DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE Figure 37-18 DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE Variable positions of the ventricular septal defect are seen (compare with fig. 37-5D-F ). A: Subaortic defect (*), complete atrioventricular septal defect, and secundum atrial septal defect (arrow), in a newborn. B: Doub... More about this image found in DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE Variable positions of the ventricular septal...
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DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT <span class="search-highlight">VENTRICLE</span>  Normal levocardia in the heart to the left i...
Published: 15 November 2023
DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE Figure 37-19 DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE Normal levocardia in the heart to the left is contrasted to dextrocardia to the heart on the right. This is associated with a complete atrioventricular septal defect and heterotaxy. In addition, subpulmonary stenosis (arrow)... More about this image found in DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE Normal levocardia in the heart to the left i...