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regurgitate

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Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch10
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
...), which is best seen on the radiograph (right). MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE: CORD RUPTURE Figure 10-5 MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE: CORD RUPTURE A single ruptured cord (yellow arrow) can lead to an unsupported (flail) valve segment and regurgitation. The most commonly involved segment is the P2...
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ISCHEMIC MITRAL VALVE <span class="search-highlight">REGURGITATION</span>  Papillary muscle infarction (yellow ci...
Published: 15 November 2023
ISCHEMIC MITRAL VALVE REGURGITATION Figure 8-19 ISCHEMIC MITRAL VALVE REGURGITATION Papillary muscle infarction (yellow circle) can result in ineffective closure of the mitral valve and consequent mitral regurgitation. More about this image found in ISCHEMIC MITRAL VALVE REGURGITATION Papillary muscle infarction (yellow ci...
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ANNULAR DILATATION CAUSING AORTIC <span class="search-highlight">REGURGITATION</span>  Ascending aortic dilatatio...
Published: 15 November 2023
ANNULAR DILATATION CAUSING AORTIC REGURGITATION Figure 28-19 ANNULAR DILATATION CAUSING AORTIC REGURGITATION Ascending aortic dilatation may cause the aortic valve annulus to dilate, which may stretch the valve cusps and lead to cusp malcoaptation (yellow arrow) and regurgitation. More about this image found in ANNULAR DILATATION CAUSING AORTIC REGURGITATION Ascending aortic dilatatio...
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VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT: POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATION  A <span class="search-highlight">regurgitant</span> aortic...
Published: 15 November 2023
VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT: POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATION Figure 35-17 VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT: POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATION A regurgitant aortic valve was replaced due to cusp injury (arrow) from a deeply placed suture during patch closure, in a child. (Surgical specimen.) More about this image found in VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT: POSTOPERATIVE COMPLICATION A regurgitant aortic...
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CONGENITALLY BICUSPID AORTIC VALVES: <span class="search-highlight">REGURGITATION</span>, IN ADULTS  A: Annular d...
Published: 15 November 2023
CONGENITALLY BICUSPID AORTIC VALVES: REGURGITATION, IN ADULTS Figure 36-8 CONGENITALLY BICUSPID AORTIC VALVES: REGURGITATION, IN ADULTS A: Annular dilatation and a short raphe (*) (surgical specimen). B: Prolapse (arrow) of the conjoined cusp due to a stretched raphe (*) (from autopsy). C: Active infective endocarditis (Enterococcus faecalis), involving both cusps (surgical specimen). D: Healed infective endocarditis, with perforation (*) of the nonconjoined cusp (surgical specimen). More about this image found in CONGENITALLY BICUSPID AORTIC VALVES: REGURGITATION, IN ADULTS A: Annular d...
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PERSISTENT TRUNCAL ARTERY: <span class="search-highlight">REGURGITANT</span> TRUNCAL VALVES  A–C: Three-cusped (A...
Published: 15 November 2023
PERSISTENT TRUNCAL ARTERY: REGURGITANT TRUNCAL VALVES Figure 37-26 PERSISTENT TRUNCAL ARTERY: REGURGITANT TRUNCAL VALVES A–C: Three-cusped (A), quadricuspid (B), and bicuspid with two raphes (*) (C) are shown. D: Unicommissural, with two raphes (*). (A, autopsy specimen; B–D, surgically excised ... More about this image found in PERSISTENT TRUNCAL ARTERY: REGURGITANT TRUNCAL VALVES A–C: Three-cusped (A...
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TRICUSPID ATRESIA: MITRAL <span class="search-highlight">REGURGITATION</span>  There is marked mitral annular dil...
Published: 15 November 2023
TRICUSPID ATRESIA: MITRAL REGURGITATION Figure 38-42 TRICUSPID ATRESIA: MITRAL REGURGITATION There is marked mitral annular dilatation (the arrow indicates the expected normal circumference), in an adult. The semicircular anterior leaflet is to the left. More about this image found in TRICUSPID ATRESIA: MITRAL REGURGITATION There is marked mitral annular dil...
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PULMONARY ANNULAR DILATATION  Pulmonary arterial dilatation leads to pulmon...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY ANNULAR DILATATION Figure 10-16 PULMONARY ANNULAR DILATATION Pulmonary arterial dilatation leads to pulmonary regurgitation in left-sided heart failure. More about this image found in PULMONARY ANNULAR DILATATION Pulmonary arterial dilatation leads to pulmon...
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BIOPROSTHETIC VALVE: CUSP AVULSION  The prosthetic valve cusps have avulsed...
Published: 15 November 2023
BIOPROSTHETIC VALVE: CUSP AVULSION Figure 10-26 BIOPROSTHETIC VALVE: CUSP AVULSION The prosthetic valve cusps have avulsed from their post, causing marked prosthetic regurgitation. More about this image found in BIOPROSTHETIC VALVE: CUSP AVULSION The prosthetic valve cusps have avulsed...
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CONGENITALLY BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE DISEASE  The unsupported conjoined cusp ...
Published: 15 November 2023
CONGENITALLY BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE DISEASE Figure 10-23 CONGENITALLY BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE DISEASE The unsupported conjoined cusp is seen prolapsing (yellow arrow) into the left ventricle, causing regurgitation. More about this image found in CONGENITALLY BICUSPID AORTIC VALVE DISEASE The unsupported conjoined cusp ...
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TENDINOUS CORD SAMPLING  Tendinous cords of the tricuspid valve may be inad...
Published: 15 November 2023
TENDINOUS CORD SAMPLING Figure 24-20 TENDINOUS CORD SAMPLING Tendinous cords of the tricuspid valve may be inadvertently sampled during right ventricular biopsy and result in tricuspid valve regurgitation. More about this image found in TENDINOUS CORD SAMPLING Tendinous cords of the tricuspid valve may be inad...
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MARFAN SYNDROME: AORTIC ANNULAR DILATATION  The cusps are stretched seconda...
Published: 15 November 2023
MARFAN SYNDROME: AORTIC ANNULAR DILATATION Figure 31-4 MARFAN SYNDROME: AORTIC ANNULAR DILATATION The cusps are stretched secondary to the aortic annular dilatation and no longer centrally coapt, causing valvular regurgitation. More about this image found in MARFAN SYNDROME: AORTIC ANNULAR DILATATION The cusps are stretched seconda...
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PULMONARY STENOSIS: COMPLICATION FOLLOWING BALLOON VALVULOPLASTY  The proce...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY STENOSIS: COMPLICATION FOLLOWING BALLOON VALVULOPLASTY Figure 36-31 PULMONARY STENOSIS: COMPLICATION FOLLOWING BALLOON VALVULOPLASTY The procedure tore one cusp (arrow), resulting in pulmonary regurgitation, in a young child. More about this image found in PULMONARY STENOSIS: COMPLICATION FOLLOWING BALLOON VALVULOPLASTY The proce...
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DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE: ASCENDING AORTIC DILATATION  The aortic valv...
Published: 15 November 2023
DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE: ASCENDING AORTIC DILATATION Figure 37-22 DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE: ASCENDING AORTIC DILATATION The aortic valve was resected for severe regurgitation (an arrow indicates the expected normal circumference), in an adolescent. More about this image found in DOUBLE OUTLET RIGHT VENTRICLE: ASCENDING AORTIC DILATATION The aortic valv...
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PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH AN INTACT VENTRICULAR SEPTUM  There is right ventric...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH AN INTACT VENTRICULAR SEPTUM Figure 38-22 PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH AN INTACT VENTRICULAR SEPTUM There is right ventricular dilatation without hypoplasia. Chamber enlargement is due to a severely regurgitant tricuspid valve with marked annular dilatation, in a newborn. More about this image found in PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH AN INTACT VENTRICULAR SEPTUM There is right ventric...
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PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: RIGHT VENTRICLE  Left: Pressure hypertroph...
Published: 15 November 2023
PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: RIGHT VENTRICLE Figure 4-9 PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: RIGHT VENTRICLE Left: Pressure hypertrophy without right ventricular dilatation in pulmonary valve stenosis. Right: Volume hypertrophy in pulmonary hypertension with tricuspid regurgitation. More about this image found in PRESSURE AND VOLUME HYPERTROPHY: RIGHT VENTRICLE Left: Pressure hypertroph...
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POSTINFLAMMATORY (RHEUMATIC) MITRAL VALVE DISEASE  The fibrosis and fusion ...
Published: 15 November 2023
POSTINFLAMMATORY (RHEUMATIC) MITRAL VALVE DISEASE Figure 10-17 POSTINFLAMMATORY (RHEUMATIC) MITRAL VALVE DISEASE The fibrosis and fusion of the mitral apparatus produce a “button-hole” orifice. The prominent fusion of the commissures not only causes a narrowed orifice, but one that is fixed and i... More about this image found in POSTINFLAMMATORY (RHEUMATIC) MITRAL VALVE DISEASE The fibrosis and fusion ...
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MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE: CORD RUPTURE  A single ruptured cord (yell...
Published: 15 November 2023
MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE: CORD RUPTURE Figure 10-5 MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE: CORD RUPTURE A single ruptured cord (yellow arrow) can lead to an unsupported (flail) valve segment and regurgitation. The most commonly involved segment is the P2 segment of the posterior leaflet. More about this image found in MYXOMATOUS MITRAL VALVE DISEASE: CORD RUPTURE A single ruptured cord (yell...
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PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT: ASCENDING AORTIC DILATATI...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT: ASCENDING AORTIC DILATATION Figure 37-15 PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT: ASCENDING AORTIC DILATATION Severe aortic regurgitation was due to annular dilatation, and the arrow indicates the expected normal circumference compared to... More about this image found in PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT: ASCENDING AORTIC DILATATI...
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EBSTEIN ANOMALY: GLOBOID HEART  Left: There is massive cardiomegaly, with a...
Published: 15 November 2023
EBSTEIN ANOMALY: GLOBOID HEART Figure 39-3 EBSTEIN ANOMALY: GLOBOID HEART Left: There is massive cardiomegaly, with a “wall-to-wall” heart resulting in compression of the lungs, in a neonate with severe tricuspid regurgitation. Right: Prominent cardiomegaly is present, in an adult. (Courtesy of ... More about this image found in EBSTEIN ANOMALY: GLOBOID HEART Left: There is massive cardiomegaly, with a...