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pulmonary

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Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch32
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
...Table 32-1 TYPES OF PULMONARY HYPERTENSION a WHO b Group Etiology 1 Primary pulmonary arterial hypertension 2 Left-sided heart disease 3 Chronic lung disease 4 Chronic thromboembolic disease 5 Unknown a Data from reference 1 . b WHO...
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INTRAPARENCHYMAL <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ARTERIES  Top: <span class="search-highlight">Pulmonary</span> arteries are identified...
Published: 15 November 2023
INTRAPARENCHYMAL PULMONARY ARTERIES Figure 32-2 INTRAPARENCHYMAL PULMONARY ARTERIES Top: Pulmonary arteries are identified by their location adjacent to partner airways. The two should be of similar diameters. The airways tend to be thicker owing to the presence of cartilage. Bottom: Histologica... More about this image found in INTRAPARENCHYMAL PULMONARY ARTERIES Top: Pulmonary arteries are identified...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ARTERY ANATOMY  The media of muscular <span class="search-highlight">pulmonary</span> arteries should n...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY ARTERY ANATOMY Figure 32-3 PULMONARY ARTERY ANATOMY The media of muscular pulmonary arteries should normally comprise 10 percent or less of the overall vascular diameter (elastic tissue stain). More about this image found in PULMONARY ARTERY ANATOMY The media of muscular pulmonary arteries should n...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ARTERIOLAR ANATOMY  <span class="search-highlight">Pulmonary</span> arterioles contain no visible smoot...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY ARTERIOLAR ANATOMY Figure 32-4 PULMONARY ARTERIOLAR ANATOMY Pulmonary arterioles contain no visible smooth muscle. Elastic fibers condense and form the visible wall of these structures (elastic tissue stain). More about this image found in PULMONARY ARTERIOLAR ANATOMY Pulmonary arterioles contain no visible smoot...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENULAR ANATOMY  <span class="search-highlight">Pulmonary</span> venules look similar to arterioles, bu...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY VENULAR ANATOMY Figure 32-5 PULMONARY VENULAR ANATOMY Pulmonary venules look similar to arterioles, but tend to have a thicker intima and do not directly attach to small muscular arteries (elastic tissue stain). More about this image found in PULMONARY VENULAR ANATOMY Pulmonary venules look similar to arterioles, bu...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENOUS ANATOMY  <span class="search-highlight">Pulmonary</span> veins are located within the interlobul...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY VENOUS ANATOMY Figure 32-6 PULMONARY VENOUS ANATOMY Pulmonary veins are located within the interlobular septa (elastic tissue stain). More about this image found in PULMONARY VENOUS ANATOMY Pulmonary veins are located within the interlobul...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENOUS HYPERTENSION  A: "Arterialization" of the <span class="search-highlight">pulmonary</span> veins ...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSION Figure 32-24 PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSION A: "Arterialization" of the pulmonary veins shows veins acquiring distinct elastic membranes (note the absence of an adjacent airway to confirm this is a vein) (elastic tissue stain). B: Intimal hyalinosis of small pulmonar... More about this image found in PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSION A: "Arterialization" of the pulmonary veins ...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENO-OCCLUSIVE DISEASE  A: Organized thrombi within <span class="search-highlight">pulmonary</span> vei...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY VENO-OCCLUSIVE DISEASE Figure 32-25 PULMONARY VENO-OCCLUSIVE DISEASE A: Organized thrombi within pulmonary veins manifest as eccentric plaques (elastic tissue stain). B: Venous medial hypertrophy and occlusion (elastic tissue stain). C: Extensive (occlusive) venous hyalinosis (elastic... More about this image found in PULMONARY VENO-OCCLUSIVE DISEASE A: Organized thrombi within pulmonary vei...
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PLEXOGENIC <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> HYPERTENSION: CHANGES IN LARGE ELASTIC <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ARTER...
Published: 15 November 2023
PLEXOGENIC PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: CHANGES IN LARGE ELASTIC PULMONARY ARTERIES Figure 34-32 PLEXOGENIC PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: CHANGES IN LARGE ELASTIC PULMONARY ARTERIES A: Dilatation of the main pulmonary artery. Normally, its diameter is similar to that of the ascending aorta. B: Multiple sha... More about this image found in PLEXOGENIC PULMONARY HYPERTENSION: CHANGES IN LARGE ELASTIC PULMONARY ARTER...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENOUS HYPERTENSION: <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ARTERIAL LESIONS (POTENTIALLY REVE...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSION: PULMONARY ARTERIAL LESIONS (POTENTIALLY REVERSIBLE) Figure 34-37 PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSION: PULMONARY ARTERIAL LESIONS (POTENTIALLY REVERSIBLE) Top: Medial hypertrophy and adventitial fibrosis, involving a muscular pulmonary artery, located adjacent to an airway... More about this image found in PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSION: PULMONARY ARTERIAL LESIONS (POTENTIALLY REVE...
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BICUSPID <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VALVES: STENOSIS  Left: <span class="search-highlight">Pulmonary</span> stenosis associated wi...
Published: 15 November 2023
BICUSPID PULMONARY VALVES: STENOSIS Figure 36-27 BICUSPID PULMONARY VALVES: STENOSIS Left: Pulmonary stenosis associated with transposition of the great arteries, in a toddler. Right: Pulmonary stenosis associated with tetralogy of Fallot, in an adult (surgical specimen). More about this image found in BICUSPID PULMONARY VALVES: STENOSIS Left: Pulmonary stenosis associated wi...
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SUPRAVALVULAR <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> STENOSIS  Top: Markedly thickened <span class="search-highlight">pulmonary</span> artery,...
Published: 15 November 2023
SUPRAVALVULAR PULMONARY STENOSIS Figure 36-35 SUPRAVALVULAR PULMONARY STENOSIS Top: Markedly thickened pulmonary artery, in a child. Bottom: Prominent thickening of the main pulmonary artery and thickening and decreased caliber of the right and left main branches, in a toddler. More about this image found in SUPRAVALVULAR PULMONARY STENOSIS Top: Markedly thickened pulmonary artery,...
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TETRALOGY OF FALLOT: ABSENT <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VALVE SYNDROME  Left: The <span class="search-highlight">pulmonary</span> v...
Published: 15 November 2023
TETRALOGY OF FALLOT: ABSENT PULMONARY VALVE SYNDROME Figure 37-8 TETRALOGY OF FALLOT: ABSENT PULMONARY VALVE SYNDROME Left: The pulmonary valve is almost completely absent (arrows, at expected site), and the right pulmonary artery is markedly dilated, in a toddler. Right: The left pulmonary arte... More about this image found in TETRALOGY OF FALLOT: ABSENT PULMONARY VALVE SYNDROME Left: The pulmonary v...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ATRESIA WITH AN INTACT VENTRICULAR SEPTUM: <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VALVE MORPHO...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH AN INTACT VENTRICULAR SEPTUM: PULMONARY VALVE MORPHOLOGY Figure 38-25 PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH AN INTACT VENTRICULAR SEPTUM: PULMONARY VALVE MORPHOLOGY Membranous pulmonary atresia is characterized by fusion of all three cusps along their lines of closure, in an infant. More about this image found in PULMONARY ATRESIA WITH AN INTACT VENTRICULAR SEPTUM: PULMONARY VALVE MORPHO...
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TOTAL ANOMALOUS <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENOUS CONNECTION: <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENOUS HYPERTENSIVE ...
Published: 15 November 2023
TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSIVE CHANGES Figure 39-25 TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSIVE CHANGES A: Alveolar capillaries are engorged with blood (this is not pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis). B: Alveolar hemosi... More about this image found in TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSIVE ...
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TOTAL ANOMALOUS <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENOUS CONNECTION: <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> VENOUS HYPERTENSIVE ...
Published: 15 November 2023
TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSIVE CHANGES Figure 39-25 TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSIVE CHANGES A: Alveolar capillaries are engorged with blood (this is not pulmonary capillary hemangiomatosis). B: Alveolar hemosi... More about this image found in TOTAL ANOMALOUS PULMONARY VENOUS CONNECTION: PULMONARY VENOUS HYPERTENSIVE ...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> SIDEDNESS: ABNORMAL <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> LOBATION  Left: Bilateral trilobed ...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY SIDEDNESS: ABNORMAL PULMONARY LOBATION Figure 39-46 PULMONARY SIDEDNESS: ABNORMAL PULMONARY LOBATION Left: Bilateral trilobed lungs were associated with right pulmonary isomerism, in a neonate with asplenia. Right: Bilateral bilobed lungs occurred in the setting of normal pulmonary sid... More about this image found in PULMONARY SIDEDNESS: ABNORMAL PULMONARY LOBATION Left: Bilateral trilobed ...
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AORTIC ARCH, <span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ARTERIES, AND MAIN BRONCHI  The right <span class="search-highlight">pulmonary</span> arte...
Published: 15 November 2023
AORTIC ARCH, PULMONARY ARTERIES, AND MAIN BRONCHI Figure 1-42 AORTIC ARCH, PULMONARY ARTERIES, AND MAIN BRONCHI The right pulmonary artery and left bronchus travel under the aortic arch. A: Left lateral view, with a parasagittal section through the thoracic aorta. B: Superior view, with a trans... More about this image found in AORTIC ARCH, PULMONARY ARTERIES, AND MAIN BRONCHI The right pulmonary arte...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ARTERIES  Left: Right <span class="search-highlight">pulmonary</span> artery travels anterior to the up...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY ARTERIES Figure 1-46 PULMONARY ARTERIES Left: Right pulmonary artery travels anterior to the upper lobe bronchus and then arches over the intermediate bronchus and behind the middle lobe bronchus. The left pulmonary artery, in contrast, arches over the left bronchus and behind the upper... More about this image found in PULMONARY ARTERIES Left: Right pulmonary artery travels anterior to the up...
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<span class="search-highlight">PULMONARY</span> ANNULAR DILATATION  <span class="search-highlight">Pulmonary</span> arterial dilatation leads to pulmon...
Published: 15 November 2023
PULMONARY ANNULAR DILATATION Figure 10-16 PULMONARY ANNULAR DILATATION Pulmonary arterial dilatation leads to pulmonary regurgitation in left-sided heart failure. More about this image found in PULMONARY ANNULAR DILATATION Pulmonary arterial dilatation leads to pulmon...