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infectious

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GRANULOMATOUS LYMPHADENOPATHY  Low- (A) and high- (B) power views of granul...
Published: 01 January 2024
GRANULOMATOUS LYMPHADENOPATHY Figure 14-19 GRANULOMATOUS LYMPHADENOPATHY Low- (A) and high- (B) power views of granulomatous lymphadenopathy in axillary lymph nodes of a patient with breast carcinoma. Systemic and infectious etiologies always need to be excluded. More about this image found in GRANULOMATOUS LYMPHADENOPATHY Low- (A) and high- (B) power views of granul...
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SEPTIC “VASCULITIS” (<span class="search-highlight">INFECTIOUS</span> PSEUDOANEURYSM)  There is intimal thickenin...
Published: 15 November 2023
SEPTIC “VASCULITIS” (INFECTIOUS PSEUDOANEURYSM) Figure 30-3 SEPTIC “VASCULITIS” (INFECTIOUS PSEUDOANEURYSM) There is intimal thickening, luminal thrombosis, and acute inflammation, with destruction of a large portion of this mesenteric arterial media extending into the adventitia and adjacent sof... More about this image found in SEPTIC “VASCULITIS” (INFECTIOUS PSEUDOANEURYSM) There is intimal thickenin...
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MYOCYTE DROP-OUT ARTIFACT  This is not due to ischemic, <span class="search-highlight">infectious</span>, or toxi...
Published: 15 November 2023
MYOCYTE DROP-OUT ARTIFACT Figure 3-2 MYOCYTE DROP-OUT ARTIFACT This is not due to ischemic, infectious, or toxic injury as there is no leukocytic response. More about this image found in MYOCYTE DROP-OUT ARTIFACT This is not due to ischemic, infectious, or toxi...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 18
Published: 01 January 2024
10.55418/9781933477367-14
ISBN-10: 1-933477-36-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-36-7
..., to tattoo ink or even as a response to the patient’s breast carcinoma. Other infectious and inflammatory lymphadenopathies encountered in the care of breast cancer patients, or patients presenting to breast care facilities, include cat scratch disease, infectious mononucleosis, and recently reaction...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch11
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... in the general population ( 8 ). Symptoms and Presentations. NBTE is often asymptomatic but may cause cerebral embolism and other forms of thromboembolic disease. Often confused with infectious endocarditis in its early stages, NBTE can lead to valvular insufficiency, heart failure, and embolization...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 18
Published: 01 January 2024
10.55418/9781933477367-02
ISBN-10: 1-933477-36-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-36-7
... history of sarcoidosis helps support the diagnosis. Histochemical stains should be performed to rule out infectious etiologies. Cystic Neutrophilic Granulomatous Mastitis Definition.  Cystic neutrophilic granulomatous mastitis is a granulomatous infection specific to the breast ( 22 ). General...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch27
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
...   BE , Hartmen   D , McAllister   HA . Eosinophilic constrictive pericarditis . Am Heart J   1984 ; 107 : 803 - 7 . PERICARDIAL EFFUSIONS INFECTIOUS PERICARDITIS Neoplastic Effusion Purulent Pericarditis Parasitic Pericarditis Idiopathic Pericarditis Viral Pericarditis Tuberculous Pericarditis...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch30
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
...: SMALL VESSELS Left: Vasa vasorum inflammation shows lymphocytes and neutrophils marginating within the lumen and vascular wall. Right: Reactive lymphocytic vascular inflammation of a hip prosthesis with endothelial swelling. SEPTIC “VASCULITIS” (INFECTIOUS PSEUDOANEURYSM) Figure 30-3 SEPTIC...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch28
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... of the temporal artery, which are caused by trauma to the skull. Infectious false aneurysms are usually caused by bacterial infection, seeded from systemic infection. Usually, infectious endocarditis, and less commonly abdominal infections are the cause ( 19 – 21 ). Organisms include Staphylococci sp...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch26
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... 26-2 CAUSES OF CONSTRICTIVE PERICARDITIS TREATED WITH PERICARDIECTOMY a Idiopathic 34% Post-surgical 20% Radiation 11% Post-viral 9% Rheumatologic disease 7% Myocardial infarction 6% Infectious, Non-Tuberculous 5% Post chest trauma 1% Uremia <1...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch12
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... reference 12 . b IE = infectious endocarditis. Table 12-4 COMMON CAUSATIVE MICROORGANISMS IN INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS a Microorganism Percent Native Valve Endocarditis  Streptococcus sp (total) 49%   Viridans group 27%   Enterococcus 10%   Other 12...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch13
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
...: A-K; A-L, A-SAA) (I) Infectious, nonviral (add the infectious agent) (T) Toxicity (add toxic cause/drug) (Eo) Hypereosinophilic heart disease ACC/AHA stage represented as letter (A, B, C, D) To be followed by NYHA functional class represented in Roman numerals (I, II, III, IV) EXAMPLES MD...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch22
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... in chapter 21 , while the chronic sequelae are discussed in chapter 9 . While special stains are usually recommended to exclude an infectious etiology, it is rare for infection to produce non-necrotizing granulomas in the heart. Although many contend that sarcoidosis is a disease of exclusion...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch16
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... hypereosinophilic syndrome Secondary  Infectious disease  Allergy/asthma  Autoimmune disorders, especially eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis  Toxins/drugs  Metabolic  Nonhematopoietic neoplasms a Primary, secondary per World Health Organization (WHO) classification. PRIMARY...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch06
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... nervous system embolism, which is more common than cardiac embolism ( 69 ). Septic Embolism. Myocardial infarction secondary to infectious endocarditis occurs via coronary embolization of fragmented infected vegetations (see chapter 12 ). Staphylococcal aortic valve endocarditis is a common underlying...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch03
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
....) MYOCYTE DROP-OUT ARTIFACT Figure 3-2 MYOCYTE DROP-OUT ARTIFACT This is not due to ischemic, infectious, or toxic injury as there is no leukocytic response. OBLIQUELY CUT MYOCYTES Figure 3-3 OBLIQUELY CUT MYOCYTES Top: Focal thick sectioning with greater staining intensity (between arrows) than...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch10
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... affect the semilunar and atrioventricular valves alike. Infectious endocarditis is one of the more common causes of valvular destruction, often leading to regurgitation. This topic is discussed in chapter 12 . The treatment for valvular regurgitation is similar to that for valvular stenosis. In many...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch04
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
..., in contrast, is a response to the stress of a pressure or volume overload due to disease. The most common forms of myocardial stress are hemodynamic, oxidative, and hypoxemic. In contrast, the most common types of myocardial injury are ischemic, inflammatory (including autoimmune and infectious), toxic...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 17
Published: 15 November 2023
10.55418/9781933477299-ch09
ISBN-10: 1-933477-29-6
ISBN: 978-1-933477-29-9
... and accommodation can lead to delayed presentation in many. Atrial fibrillation is a common manifestation of mitral stenosis with atrial enlargement. The incidence of atrial fibrillation in the setting of mitral stenosis exceeds 60 percent ( 6 ). Endocarditis, both sterile (marantic) and infectious, is increased...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 16
Published: 01 August 2023
10.55418/9781933477282-16
ISBN-10: 1-933477-28-8
ISBN: 978-1-933477-28-2
... figs. 16-17 – 16-22 ) ( 223 – 225 ). When examining these lesions, an associated inflammatory infiltrate or infectious organism is sought that would suggest a reactive etiology. Tuberculous ( 226 , 227 ) and nontuberculous salpingitis are well described, but rarely encountered entities ( fig. 16-51...