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gynecomastia

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<span class="search-highlight">GYNECOMASTIA</span>: LATER STAGE  In this case of <span class="search-highlight">gynecomastia</span>, there is much more...
Published: 01 January 2024
GYNECOMASTIA: LATER STAGE Figure 10-4 GYNECOMASTIA: LATER STAGE In this case of gynecomastia, there is much more stromal fibrosis. More about this image found in GYNECOMASTIA: LATER STAGE In this case of gynecomastia, there is much more...
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<span class="search-highlight">GYNECOMASTIA</span>  A: There is a greater degree of epithelial hyperplasia presen...
Published: 01 January 2024
GYNECOMASTIA Figure 10-2 GYNECOMASTIA A: There is a greater degree of epithelial hyperplasia present within the ducts than is typical of male breast tissue. B: At intermediate power, the heterogeneity of the epithelial cells is more readily appreciated. Some micropapillations are present, which ... More about this image found in GYNECOMASTIA A: There is a greater degree of epithelial hyperplasia presen...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 18
Published: 01 January 2024
10.55418/9781933477367-10
ISBN-10: 1-933477-36-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-36-7
... encountered in the male breast include intraductal papilloma, fibroepithelial lesions, lymphocytic/diabetic mastopathy, duct ectasia, and pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia. Gynecomastia is exclusive to the male breast, and that is the focus of this chapter along with the particular features of carcinomas...
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PSEUDOANGIOMATOUS STROMAL HYPERPLASIA IN A CASE OF <span class="search-highlight">GYNECOMASTIA</span>
Published: 01 January 2024
PSEUDOANGIOMATOUS STROMAL HYPERPLASIA IN A CASE OF GYNECOMASTIA Figure 10-5 PSEUDOANGIOMATOUS STROMAL HYPERPLASIA IN A CASE OF GYNECOMASTIA More about this image found in PSEUDOANGIOMATOUS STROMAL HYPERPLASIA IN A CASE OF GYNECOMASTIA
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<span class="search-highlight">GYNECOMASTIA</span>  A: At low power, breast ducts, some with epithelial hyperplas...
Published: 01 January 2024
GYNECOMASTIA Figure 10-1 GYNECOMASTIA A: At low power, breast ducts, some with epithelial hyperplasia, are embedded in a loose, edematous stroma. B: Micropapillary usual ductal hyperplasia (UDH) is present in this duct. A few chronic inflammatory cells are present in the stroma. More about this image found in GYNECOMASTIA A: At low power, breast ducts, some with epithelial hyperplas...
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ATYPICAL DUCTAL HYPERPLASIA (ADH) IN <span class="search-highlight">GYNECOMASTIA</span>  A: This duct is involved...
Published: 01 January 2024
ATYPICAL DUCTAL HYPERPLASIA (ADH) IN GYNECOMASTIA Figure 10-3 ATYPICAL DUCTAL HYPERPLASIA (ADH) IN GYNECOMASTIA A: This duct is involved by a monotonous proliferation of atypical epithelial cells. B: At higher power, areas of epithelial cell polarization are apparent. The degree of cytologic and... More about this image found in ATYPICAL DUCTAL HYPERPLASIA (ADH) IN GYNECOMASTIA A: This duct is involved...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 18
Published: 01 January 2024
10.55418/9781933477367-09
ISBN-10: 1-933477-36-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-36-7
... of hormone levels may lead to the development of gynecomastia (see chapter 10 ). Extramedullary hematopoiesis may be seen in fetal breast tissue, and this may persist until about 4 months of age ( 1 ). The occurrence of breast lesions in children and adolescents is unusual, with the exception...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 18
Published: 01 January 2024
10.55418/9781933477367-11
ISBN-10: 1-933477-36-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-36-7
... as either a mass, or a nonmass-like enhancing lesion on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) ( 33 ). Rarely, it presents as a palpable mass. Most women with PASH are premenopausal, and men with PASH often have concomitant gynecomastia ( 34 ). These observations suggest a hormonal association; it is thought...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 14
Published: 01 February 2023
10.55418/9781933477268-5
ISBN-10: 1-933477-26-1
ISBN: 978-1-933477-26-8
... of changes, including apocrine metaplasia, may be seen. Anogenital mammary-like glands may also give rise to other lesions identical to those that occur in the breast. These include gynecomastia-like hyperplasia, fibroadenoma, pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia, and phyllodes tumor ( 116 – 118 ). Benign...
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A PATIENT WITH AN ADULT-TYPE GRANULOSA CELL TUMOR  There is prominent scrot...
Published: 01 August 2022
A PATIENT WITH AN ADULT-TYPE GRANULOSA CELL TUMOR Figure 6-119 A PATIENT WITH AN ADULT-TYPE GRANULOSA CELL TUMOR There is prominent scrotal enlargement and gynecomastia. (figs. 6-119 and 6-120 are from the same patient.) More about this image found in A PATIENT WITH AN ADULT-TYPE GRANULOSA CELL TUMOR There is prominent scrot...
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RUPTURED CORPUS LUTEUM IN AN OVOTESTIS  A hemorrhagic corpus luteum is pres...
Published: 01 August 2022
RUPTURED CORPUS LUTEUM IN AN OVOTESTIS Figure 11-96 RUPTURED CORPUS LUTEUM IN AN OVOTESTIS A hemorrhagic corpus luteum is present in the upper pole of an ovotestis of a patient with 46,XY ovotesticular disorder of sex development. The patient, a 14-year-old boy, presented with “testicular” pain a... More about this image found in RUPTURED CORPUS LUTEUM IN AN OVOTESTIS A hemorrhagic corpus luteum is pres...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 13
Published: 01 November 2022
10.55418/9781933477251-1
ISBN-10: 1-933477-25-3
ISBN: 978-1-933477-25-1
... of patients with hemochromatosis in various studies ( 282 – 289 ). Clinically, the most common symptoms in men are reduced body hair, loss of libido and impotence, altered fat distribution, and rarely, gynecomastia and testicular atrophy ( 290 ). In contrast, panhypopituitarism and single hormone deficiencies...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 12
Published: 01 August 2022
10.55418/9781933477220-06
ISBN-10: 1-933477-22-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-22-0
... ). Rare tumors are familial ( 10 ). Adults, when symptomatic, usually complain of testicular swelling, but gynecomastia causes the patient to seek medical attention in 15 percent of cases ( fig. 6-1 ), and is present in an additional 15 percent on clinical evaluation ( 9 ). Sometimes an impalpable tumor...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 12
Published: 01 August 2022
10.55418/9781933477220-01
ISBN-10: 1-933477-22-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-22-0
... testosterone is typically manifested in adult patients as gynecomastia because of its conversion to estrogens in peripheral tissues by endogenous aromatase. About 4 percent of adults with a germ cell tumor develop gynecomastia ( 26 ). The direct effects of androgen are mostly masked in postpubertal patients...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 12
Published: 01 August 2022
10.55418/9781933477220-07
ISBN-10: 1-933477-22-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-22-0
...GONADOBLASTOMA General Features. About 20 percent of gonadoblastomas occur in phenotypic males, usually under 20 years of age, who also often have cryptorchidism, hypospadias, and gynecomastia ( 1 – 3 ). Most cases are found in infancy during investigation for a possible disorder of sex...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 12
Published: 01 August 2022
10.55418/9781933477220-04
ISBN-10: 1-933477-22-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-22-0
... are typically low, such that gynecomastia is uncommon ( 193 , 194 ). Direct sampling from the ipsilateral testicular vein yields elevated levels in 85 percent of patients ( 195 ). In some cases, hCG production may be detectable only as an elevated beta subunit ( 188 ). It is rare for levels to exceed more than...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 12
Published: 01 August 2022
10.55418/9781933477220-02
ISBN-10: 1-933477-22-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-22-0
... have clinical manifestations. High circulating levels of hCG, as occur in cases of choriocarcinoma, may therefore stimulate Leydig cells to proliferate and secrete testosterone, which is converted to estrogen in adipose tissue through the action of aromatase, resulting in gynecomastia in some cases...
Book Chapter
Series: Atlases of Tumor and Non-Tumor Pathology, Series 5
Volume: 12
Published: 01 August 2022
10.55418/9781933477220-11
ISBN-10: 1-933477-22-9
ISBN: 978-1-933477-22-0
... Age at discovery Infants - young adults Children - elderly Symptoms/signs Precocious virilization, adrenocortical insufficiency, pain, masses Precocious virilization, gynecomastia, masses, pain Bilaterality Yes No Multifocality Yes No Hilar location Often Occasional...